What is Orthodontics?

Orthodontics is the specialty that is responsible for studying, preventing, diagnosing, treating and preventing dental and bone malpositions and malocclusions.

What will you get with Orthodontics?

With orthodontics we will achieve a good occlusion and at the same time improve aesthetics:

Problems derived from postponing Orthodontics

Respiratory problems
In cases of severe skeletal malocclusions, when there are changes in the position or size of the maxilla and/or mandible, respiratory problems may occur, especially at night: apnea, snoring... Similarly, a larger than usual upper jaw can cause that a patient cannot close his mouth without effort, so that it favors oral breathing (with its consequent consequences).
periodontal diseases
In the same way as in the case of cavities, the accumulation of tartar due to difficult hygiene -due to crowding- can cause gum diseases such as gingivitis or, in its most serious stage, periodontitis. If the problem is not resolved in time, the bacteria present in the tartar will wear down the bone that supports the teeth, putting the survival of these dental pieces at risk.
Cavities
When there is dental crowding, that is, when the teeth are not correctly aligned, it is more difficult to remove food debris during brushing, so there is a greater chance of cavities.
Aesthetic problems:
In a society in which the physical appearance is so important, the aesthetics of the smile becomes a compelling reason to undergo orthodontic treatment. It has been shown that a harmonious smile improves self-confidence and increases a person's self-esteem.

Types of Orthodontics

These three types of orthodontics allow us to correct problems when our teeth are not aligned or a malocclusion (contact between the teeth).
pre-orthodontics
Preortodoncia img

It consists of orthodontic treatment that is performed at an early age (4-12 years) when there is still milk or mixed dentition and, in most cases, it precedes orthodontics reapplied with brackets or invisalign i, once the dental treatment has been performed. dental refill.

Preventive preortoncia: Eliminate habits that can lead to future malocclusion (such as prolonged use of a pacifier or bottle, thumb sucking,...).

Interceptive pre-orthodontics: one that corrects a malocclusion when it is beginning to appear. Immediate action is taken to prevent the problem from being more serious and more difficult to correct in the future. Resin tracks or bite lifts are used, without the need to use appliances.

dentofacial orthopedics: we act on the maxilla or mandible, causing the malocclusion, slowing down or favoring their growth. (chin guards, face masks, etc.)

functional treatments: sometimes, due to the action of the muscles or tongue, dental alterations occur and in this specialty a series of exercises are worked on that the patient must perform at home to avoid or modify these habits and thus correct them to prevent them from being more serious (tongue thrust, lip thrust, swallowing, oral breathing…)

braces
Brackets img

Conventional Orthodontics consists of placing the teeth in the correct position by firmly cementing the brackets to the teeth and linking them to an orthodontic arch.

There are different types of brackets depending on the individual needs of each patient:

metallic: They are the conventional ones and the most used in a traditional way. These are resistant but less aesthetic.

ceramics: they are just as effective as metal ones, but their aesthetic characteristics make them more discreet (with good hygiene and not abusing coffee or tobacco to maintain their aesthetic characteristics throughout the treatment)

They correct bite problems, leveling, alignment, close space between teeth, solve dental crowding...

Invisalign
Invisalign img

It is the most aesthetic, discreet and comfortable orthodontic technique, which allows to align the teeth and improve the smile of patients through the use of transparent aligners (to remove and put on), manufactured in a personalized way so that the teeth adopt a correct position of progressive way.

They are used together with attachments that are cemented to the teeth whose malpositions must be corrected, in the same tone and color, so that they are hardly noticeable.

• Transparent and very aesthetic.

• They are comfortable and removable, they are removed only for eating and must be worn all day and night.

• They allow correct and easy oral hygiene to be maintained.

• It is allowed to eat everything, since they are extracted at each meal.

• No chafing, no irritation.

• No urgent appointments that lead you to go to the clinic.

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